All you need to know about ovarian cyst from the expert

Most women will experience a cyst on the ovaries at least once, and most are painless, cause no symptoms, and are discovered during a routine pelvic exam.

Symptoms of an ovarian cyst include nausea, vomiting, bloating, painful bowel movements, and pain during sex.

style=”margin-left:0px; margin-right:0px”>In rare cases, an ovarian cyst can cause serious problems, so it’s best to have it checked by your doctor.

The ovaries are part of the female reproductive system. They’re located in the lower abdomen on both sides of the uterus. Women have two ovaries that produce eggs, as well as the hormones estrogen and progesterone.

Sometimes, a fluid-filled sac called a cyst will develop on one of the ovaries. Many women will develop at least one cyst during their lifetime. In most cases, cysts are painless and cause no symptoms.

style=”margin-left:0px; margin-right:0px”>Types of ovarian cysts

There are various types of ovarian cysts, such as dermoid cysts and endometrioma cysts. However, functional cysts are the most common type. The two types of functional cysts include follicle and corpus luteum cysts.

Follicle cyst

During a woman’s menstrual cycle, an egg grows in a sac called a follicle. This sac is located inside the ovaries. In most cases, this follicle or sac breaks open and releases an egg. But if the follicle doesn’t break open, the fluid inside the follicle can form a cyst on the ovary.

Corpus luteum cysts

style=”margin-left:0px; margin-right:0px”>Follicle sacs typically dissolve after releasing an egg. But if the sac doesn’t dissolve and the opening of the follicle seals, additional fluid can develop inside the sac and this accumulation of fluid causes a corpus luteum cyst.

Other types of ovarian cysts include:

 

dermoid cysts: sac-like growths on the ovaries that can contain hair, fat, and other tissue

cystadenomas: non-cancerous growths that can develop on the outer surface of the ovaries

endometriomas: tissues that normally grow inside the uterus can develop outside the uterus and attach to the ovaries, resulting in a cyst

style=”margin-left:0px; margin-right:0px”>Some women develop a condition called polycystic ovary syndrome (pos) . This condition means the ovaries contain a large number of small cysts. It can cause the ovaries to enlarge, and if left untreated, polycystic ovaries can cause

infertility .

 

SYMPTOMS

style=”margin-left:0px; margin-right:0px”>Symptoms of an ovarian cyst

Often times, ovarian cysts do not cause any symptoms. However, symptoms can appear as the cyst grows. Symptoms may include:

-abdominal bloating or swelling

-painful bowel movements

-pelvic pain before or during the menstrual cycle

-painful intercourse

-pain in the lower back or thighs

-breast tenderness

-nausea and vomiting

-Severe symptoms of an ovarian cyst that require immediate medical attention include:

-severe or sharp pelvic pain

-fever

-faintness or dizziness

-rapid breathing

These symptoms can indicate a ruptured cyst or an ovarian torsion. Both complications can have serious consequences if not treated early.

style=”margin-left:0px; margin-right:0px”>COMPLICATIONS

Ovarian cyst complications

Most ovarian cysts are benign and naturally go away on their own without treatment. These cysts cause little, if any, symptoms. But in a rare case, your doctor may detect a cancerous cystic ovarian mass during a routine examination.

Ovarian torsion is another rare complication of ovarian cysts. This is when a large cyst causes an ovary to twist or move from its original position. Blood supply to the ovary is cut off, and if not treated, it can cause damage or death to the ovarian tissue. Although uncommon, ovarian torsion accounts for nearly 3 percent of emergency gynecologic surgeries.

Ruptured cysts, which are also rare, can cause intense pain and internal bleeding. This complication increases your risk of an infection and can be life-threatening if left untreated.

TREATMENT

There are two stages of natural treatment of ovarian cyst with Fohow products

– detoxification

– use of guifei bao, ganoderma, tea, rose oligose and garlic

PREVENTION

Ovarian cyst prevention

Ovarian cysts can’t be prevented. However, routine gynecologic examinations can detect ovarian cysts early. Benign ovarian cysts don’t become cancerous. However, symptoms of ovarian cancer can mimic symptoms of an ovarian cyst. Thus, it’s important to visit your doctor and receive a correct diagnosis. Alert your doctor to symptoms that may indicate a problem, such as:

-changes in your menstrual cycle

-ongoing pelvic pain

-loss of appetite

-unexplained weight loss

-abdominal fullness.

source: Modern Ghana / Dr Oyebade Obalola Jerry

 

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